A common topic in IELTS is the environment so it is useful to know a range of complex vocabulary connected with this topic.
Many endangered species are at risk of becoming extinct because deforestation has resulted in shrinking habitats. We need to address this issue in the near future, along with other environmental issues such as climate change. Much like the glass of a greenhouse, the gases in our atmosphere sustain life on earth by trapping the sun's heat. The danger lies in the rapid increase of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that intensify this natural greenhouse effect. In order to tackle both of these issues, the government and society need to focus on conservation and the introduction of the polluter pays principle might be a step in the right direction in addressing the issue of climate change.