All of the language highlighted in bold will impress the IELTS examiner and convince her or him to give you a high grade.
The best way to reduce crime by young people is to teach parents good parenting skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
One issue that successive governments around the world have focused on is trying to reduce youth crime. Discussions have included having stronger deterrents to discourage youngsters from committing crimes or training parents in how to bring up their children in the hope that better qualified parents will result in better behaved children. Although this latter idea would need a great deal of thought about what this training should incorporate, I strongly agree that it would be an idea worth exploring.
From an economic perspective, there are compelling reasons to support this concept. First and foremost, when offences are committed by juveniles, and they are subsequently found guilty, depending on the nature of the crime, they may be sent to a young offenders’ institution. The cost of this incarceration and rehabilitation process is astronomically high. For example, in the UK this cost would be in the region of £200,000 per offender per year. In comparison, the outlay for training parents would be significantly lower.
From a social perspective, there are arguments to support the notion of training parents-to-be. Even though the number of teenage pregnancies is declining in many European countries, this is not the case in other parts of the world such as Africa. Teenagers who are bringing up children may not have all the skills required to raise their children and guidance through training schemes may be beneficial. Furthermore, it has been proven that those who come from loving homes with supportive parents are less inclined to turn into law-breakers.
In conclusion, although the effectiveness of such training cannot be guaranteed, the expense is negligible compared to the cost of dealing with a young offender. For this reason alone, the training route should most definitely be explored.
successive governments = one government following another
a deterrent = a thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something
incarceration = imprisonment
rehabilitation = the action of restoring someone to health or normal life through training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness
the outlay = the amount of money spent on something
negligible = so small or unimportant as to be not worth considering; insignificant
Before writing your Task 2 answer in the exam, write down as many words connected with the topic as possible and try to incorporate (include) these in your answer e.g. law-breakers; young offenders; youth crime; to be found guilty; incarceration; rehabilitation; deterrents; offences