Updated: Feb 15, 2019
All of the language highlighted in bold will impress the IELTS examiner and convince her or him to give you a high grade.
Some people say that international car-free days are an effective way of reducing air pollution. Others people say that there are more effective ways of doing this. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Cars are a fundamental source of urban air pollution and, therefore, it is frequently suggested that global car-free days should be introduced. However, there are other major polluters of the atmosphere that could be targeted, which I feel might be more practical in tackling air pollution.
Car-free days may help to deal with this pressing problem to some extent, however many road users would switch to public transport to commute to work. As a result, the public transport network would need to be increased to cope with demand, and unless it was powered by green energy, this issue is not resolved by this proposal. Furthermore, getting all governments around the world to commit to this idea would not be an easy task.
Rather than prohibiting vehicles on certain days, alternative measures could be taken. For example, the burning of fossil fuels in industry is a major factor in rising air pollution levels, therefore, governments could force manufacturing companies to switch to alternative forms of energy such as solar energy or risk heavy fines if they fail to comply with this. In addition, there needs to be a focus on limiting the amount we consume by re-using and recycling in order to reduce household waste, which subsequently goes to landfill sites or is burnt and thus contributes to air pollution.
As a great deal of air pollution is caused by manufacturing processes and waste, I fervently believe that targeting these areas should be a priority. Regulating the amount of pollutants that are released into the air by factories and reducing the amount of waste we produce would be a much more effective way to deal with this.
landfill sites = A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial
pollutants = a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere
The environment is a popular topic in all parts of the IELTS test so make sure you know how to use and the meanings of lots of words/phrases connected with this topic.