IELTS Writing Task 1 (Academic) - Model Answer

Updated: Jan 2, 2019

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The map shows the changes in an American town between 1954 and 2014.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.

The images provided illustrate the degree to which an American urban area developed over a sixty-year period.


At the beginning of the period, in 1954, the town under discussion was relatively small. There were quite a few houses and some important local amenities such as a petrol station, a church and a park. The town contained a relatively large factory.


By 2014 some significant changes had taken place. The quantity of residential accommodation had slightly diminished, the church had disappeared and the supermarket had been re-located. The factory had been knocked down. Some new facilities such as an airport and a sports stadium had been constructed. Perhaps the most noteworthy change was that a large quantity of commercial buildings (possibly shops and office spaces) had been put up.


However, some things had not changed much. A number of houses had not been moved and the petrol station remained in the same place. No new roads had been constructed and no changes had been made to the canal. Overall, by 2014 the town had been enlarged and modernised but it had not changed beyond recognition.


Vocabulary:


the degree to which = how much

local amenities = any feature that provides comfort, convenience, or pleasure e.g. swimming pool, post office, library etc

diminished = reduced

noteworthy = worth paying attention to; interesting or significant

it had not changed beyond recognition = it was still recognisable from before

it had changed beyond recognition = it was completely different from before


Note how the past perfect has been used frequently in this answer. This is a good way to impress the IELTS examiner and increase your grammatical range. We use the past perfect when something happened before something else or before a particular time in the past e.g. By 2014 some significant changes had taken place.

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