In IELTS Speaking Part 1, it is recommended that you use less common and idiomatic phrases to get a high band score in Lexical Resource. In this video, you will learn a couple of useful ones that could be used for lots of questions. Some IELTS Part 1 Speaking questions and model answers are looked at in the video.

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Updated: Feb 15, 2019

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows where young people in the city of Walton lived during four years between 1970 and 2014.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


IELTS Writing - Task 1 - Bar Chart

Bold = phrases that could be used in other Task 1 answers

Underlined = ways of expressing numbers instead of just lifting numbers from the information given


The information provided relates to the accommodation of young adults in the urban location of Walton, commencing in 1970 and running to 2014. Overall, it can be clearly seen that major changes took place, particularly in the numbers living with parents and partners.


At the beginning of the forty-four year period being discussed, just over a third of adults in their early to mid-twenties lived with friends. A slightly smaller number shared a house with their family and a quarter of this age-group lived with a girlfriend, boyfriend or spouse. Fewer than one in ten individuals were either homeless or living on their own.


By the end of the period, there had been quite significant changes in the data. The percentage of young adults living with their mothers and fathers had risen. This was the most common category in 2014, accounting for more than a third of the whole group. The number of younger adults sharing a house with friends had declined steadily over the period in question. There had been a considerable increase in the number living alone; the figure had peaked at around a quarter of all young adults in 2009, before falling slightly by 2014. The proportion of young individuals residing with a partner had fallen sharply by 2014. Finally, the proportion of homeless youngsters had remained relatively constant.


Useful tip: When 'by xxxx' is used, you can use the past perfect which will help with your Grammatical Range & Accuracy band score e.g. The proportion of young individuals residing with a partner had fallen sharply by 2014.
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Updated: Feb 15, 2019


All of the language highlighted in bold will impress the IELTS examiner and convince her or him to give you a high grade for Lexical Resource.


“Governments should not waste valuable money exploring space.” To what extent do you agree?


Since the first space journey in the early 1960s, there has been a heated debate about the merits of space travel. As the amount of exploration has soared, this question has become increasingly relevant. Although many individuals are sceptical about the value of sending rockets and astronauts into space, I generally consider it to be vital for our future development.


First and foremost, there are indisputably scientific benefits which result from space exploration. Our species has made major technological advances because of the space programmes of leading countries. This scientific progress eventually results in a higher standard of living for everyone on the planet.


A second major argument is connected with the environment. Future space programmes could enable us to understand and deal with the ecological disaster facing our planet. It is becoming clearer that unless we find solutions to global warming, our environment will be seriously threatened. Research in space may help us to comprehend the issues and come up with solutions to them.


A final relevant point relates to the scarcity of resources on Earth. There is the possibility that exploration might lead to the discovery of natural resources on other planets which we urgently require. It is even possible that other life forms may be discovered. This could have very beneficial effects for our planet, though it should be mentioned that it may be fraught with danger.


It should not be denied that building space stations and launching rockets and satellites is costly. Investment in it should not mean a reduction in spending on key areas such as health, education and the elimination of poverty. However, all governments waste money on military spending, unnecessary bureaucracy and pointless arts projects which are definitely less useful than space travel.


In conclusion, I am entirely convinced that sending astronauts into space can be hugely beneficial for our economies and ecology. It is the responsibility of leading governments to continue supporting space programmes as the rewards could be enormous.


a heated debate - this is a good collocation to use for topics which people feel passionate about

are sceptical about - to be sceptical about something means to be not entirely convinced about something - you have doubts or reservations

the merits of - remember to use words other than advantages and disadvantages

indisputably - in a way that cannot be challenged or denied, obviously true

the ecological disaster facing our planet - good collocation which is useful for lots of Task 2 topics

to comprehend the issues - good collocation meaning to understand the issues

the scarcity of resources - the lack of resources (meaning they are in short supply)

fraught with - filled with - we usually collocate this with something bad e.g. fraught with danger, fraught with risks

costly - expensive

the elimination of - the complete removal of

bureaucracy - excessively complicated administrative procedure


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