You need to learn lots of new words, especially so that you can recognise them in the READING test and use them in the WRITING test. It is not enough to write down a new word in English and in your language. Here is some of the information about the new word which you could record:
What type of word is it: VERB, NOUN, ADVERB or ADJECTIVE?
Does it belong to a ‘family’ of words with related VERBS, NOUNS, ADVERBS or ADJECTIVES? (EXAMPLE: to be easy: to be uneasy; easily/uneasily; with ease; to ease; unease; uneasiness; to be easy-going)
Can it be used with PREFIXES or SUFFIXES? (EXAMPLE: value: valuable; over-value; under-value; valueless; invaluable)
Are there any similar words with similar meanings? (EXAMPLE: awareness: consciousness)
Does it COLLOCATE with any other words? (poverty: to eradicate poverty; poverty-stricken; the poverty line)
Is it usually used in a written or spoken context?
Is it generally used in a formal/ academic or informal way?
How do you pronounce it?